I was recently impressed with a list on facebook of 66 edible plants that can be grown in containers from Homesteading/Survivalism’s page.
Here for your entertainment, perusal, approval, (or not), and commentary is a list (not in any particular order and common names only, please contact me if you want the botanical names) of an additional 70+ plants which, yes, I have grown or am at this time growing in containers!

1 -Lemon verbena
2 -Chervil
3 -Mints
4 -Horehound
5 -Lemon balm, Sweet Melisa
6 –Yerba Buena
7 –Tarragon
8 –Sorrel
9 –Chamomile
10 –Epazote
11 –Cilantro
12 –Curry plant
13 –Lemon Grass
14 –Oat Grass
15 –Leeks
16 –Green onions
17 –Bulb Onions
18 –Garlic
19 –Garlic Chives
20 –Oka
21 –Mashua
22 –Taro
23 –Radishes
24 –Horseradish
25 –Cuban Oregano
26 –Nasturtium
27 –Calendula
28 –Tamarillo
29 –Tomatillo
30 –Egg Plants
31 –Okra
32 –Ground Cherry, Physalis
33 –Ramanas Rose, rose hips
34 –Oregon Grape
35 –Finger Lime
36 –Star Fruit
37 –Grecian Bay Laurel
38 –Grapes
39 –Currants
40 –Prickly Pear cactus – Nopales , Tunas
41 –Raspberry
42 –White Sapote
43 –Kiwi
44 –Mulberries
45 –Loquat
46 –Olives
47 –Plums
48 –Passion Fruit
49 –Chocolate Vine, Sausage Fruit
50 –Spilanthes, Toothache plant
51 –Cat Tails
52 –Angelica
53 –Giant Lambs Quarters
54 –Pig Salad, Portulaca – Purslane
55 –Tat Soy
56 –Bok Choy
57 –Broccoli
58 –Romanesco
59 –Cauliflower
60 –Celery
61 –Cardoon/Artichoke
62 –Bush Beans
63 –Fava Bean
64 –Pineapple Guava
65 –Strawberry Guava
66 –Bamboo, edible shoots
67 –True Tea, Camellia sinensis
68 –Alpine Strawberry
69 –Buckwheat
70 –Sorghum
71 –Corn
72 –Amaranth
73 –Rice
74 –Wild Rice
75 –Tobacco, “My favorite vegetable is Tobacco” Frank Zappa